Bringing the protest to London

We support our brothers in the NFL.

protest

Jacksonville Jaguars NFL players kneeling in protest as the US national anthem was played at Wembley stadium in London at the start of their match against the Baltimore Ravens yesterday. Each season, four NFL matches are held in London in front of 80,000 fans, many of whom travel from the US for the event. The display of defiance from members of both teams came after President Donald Trump encouraged American football fans to boycott matches over such protests, which were started by player Colin Kaepernick last year when he kneeled during the national anthem to highlight the treatment of black citizens in the US. (Source: ABC News)

Sharing: European map of Implicit Racial Bias

European map of Implicit Racial Bias

racism in Europoe
 Source: Mind Hacks

This map shows how easily White Europeans in Europe associate black faces with negative ideas. Each country’s colour reflects the average Implicit Association Test (IAT) score for that country using data from Harvard’s Project Implicit. Overall we have scores for 288,076 White Europeans, collected between 2002 and 2015, with sample sizes for each country shown inset. Blue shows low levels of racial bias, and red shows high levels – with Europe’s peaks in countries like the Czech Republic and other East European nations.

The IAT

The IAT is a measure of implicit racial attitudes. Because of the design of the test it is very difficult to deliberately control your score . Many people, including those who sincerely hold non-racist or even anti-racist beliefs, demonstrate positive implicit bias on the test. Scores on the test are not reliable, and so don’t allow predictions of individuals’ true implicit attitudes or behaviour. However, when many scores are collected together definite patterns emerge. The most striking of these is that the average score on the racial bias IAT is non-zero. Both in the US, where this measure was developed, across Europe (shown here for the first time), the test shows that people are slower to associate Blackness with positive words such as “Good” or “Nice” and faster to associate Blackness with negative concepts such as “Bad” or “Evil”.One idea is that implicit attitudes, such as measured by the IAT, reflect the automatic associations we hold in our minds, and that these develop over years of immersion in the social world. Although we, as individuals, may not hold racist beliefs, the ideas we associate with race may be constructed by a culture which describes people of different ethnicities in consistent ways, and ways which are consistently more or less positive. Looked at like this, the IAT – which is a weak measure of individual psychology – may be most useful if individuals’ scores are aggregated to provide a reflection on the collective social world we inhabit.

The results shown in this map give detail to what we already expected – that across Europe racial attitudes are not neutral. Blackness has negative associations for White Europeans, and there are some interesting patterns in how the strength of these negative associations vary across the continent.

*open data, open tools*

This new map is possible because Project Implicit release their data via the Open Science Framework (osf.io). This site allows scientists to share the raw materials and data from their experiments, allowing anyone to check their working, or re-analyse the data (as we have done here). The data analysis and map were done in R, an open source statistical programming language, and we collaborated using github.com, a platform for software projects. Now the data and code to produce the map are shared on Figshare.com, a site which allows data and graphics to be given stable digital object indentifiers (DOIs) and so integrated into the scholarly literature like other publications. We believe that open tools and publishing methods like these are necessary to make science better and more reliable.

*Sample limitations*

The data comes from Europeans who visited the US Project Implicit website, which is in English. Language specific IAT data may be available in the near future. For now we can be certain that the sample reflects a subset of the European population which are more internet-savvy than typical, probably younger, and probably more cosmopolitan (both because they are both comfortable using a website in English, and from the sheer fact that they were interested in taking a test of implicit racism). These factors are likely to underweight the extent of implicit racism in each country.

This data reflects scores on just one IAT (the classic White-Black/Positive-Negative IAT). Other dimensions of social attitudes can be assessed by different IATs. You can explore these at Project Implicit https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/

*References*

The idea of implicit bias is introduced and explained in this video
Peanut Butter, Jelly and Racism by Saleem Reshamwala in The New York Times

We were inspired to make this map of US IAT scores by Chris Mooney in the Washington Post “Across America, whites are biased and they don’t even know it

Useful recent summaries of some of the controversies around the IAT are
Can We Really Measure Implicit Bias? Maybe Not by Tom Bartlett January 05, 2017 for Chronicle of Higher Education.

and

Psychology’s Favorite Tool for Measuring Racism Isn’t Up to the Job by Jesse Singal for the New York Magazine / Science of Us, 11 January 2017.

The IAT was developed in the 1990s by Anthony Greenwald and colleagues:

Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test. Journal of personality and social psychology, 74(6), 1464.

You can read scholarly reviews of the test here

Nosek, B. A., Greenwald, A. G., & Banaji, M. R. (2007). The Implicit Association Test at age 7: A methodological and conceptual review. Automatic processes in social thinking and behavior, 265-292.

Greenwald, A. G., Poehlman, T. A., Uhlmann, E. L., & Banaji, M. R. (2009). Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. Meta-analysis of predictive validity. Journal of personality and social psychology, 97(1), 17-41.

Greenwald, A. G., Banaji, M. R., & Nosek, B. A. (2015). Statistically small effects of the Implicit Association Test can have societally large effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(4), 553-561

The reference for the data we adapt is

Xu, K., Nosek, B. & Greenwald, A.G., (2014). Psychology data from the Race Implicit Association Test on the Project Implicit Demo website. Journal of Open Psychology Data. 2(1), p.e3. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jopd.ac

Relevant papers by ourselves include

Holroyd, J., Scaife, R., Stafford, T. (in press). Responsibility for Implicit Bias. Philosophy Compass.

Stafford, T. (2014). The perspectival shift: how experiments on unconscious processing don’t justify the claims made for them. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1067. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01067

More about our work on bias mitigation here
http://www.tomstafford.staff.shef.ac.uk/?p=342

Code and raw data here github.com/georgeg0/WorldBias

*Acknowledgements*
George Gittu collated and cleaned the data, coded and refined the map. Tom Stafford helped with some analysis decisions and wrote this text. Tom Stafford was part funded by a Leverhulme Trust grant on implicit bias 2014-2017, and is grateful both to the Trust and his project partners, Jules Holroyd (PI) and Robin Scaife for introducing him to the literature on implicit bias. Thanks also to Frank Xu, Brian Nosek and Colin Smith at Project Implicit.

http://www.tomstafford.staff.shef.ac.uk

The Kofo Collective Presents: 195 Lewis Oxford

195 Lewis

195 Lewis

195 Lewis is an independent web series project about a Black lesbian couple in Bed-Stuy, Brooklyn striving to practice radical honesty in their (newly) polyamorous relationship. Join us Oxford for an exclusive screening of season one!

DATE AND TIME

Fri, May 5, 2017

6:00 PM – 9:00 PM BST

LOCATION

Investcorp Building, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford

62 Woodstock Rd, Oxford OX2 6JF, UK


Adm. Michelle Howard 1st African-American woman takes command of joint unit in Naples

Source: Stipes.com

Adm. Michelle Howard
Adm. Michelle Howard speaks to reporters from NATO Joint Allied Force Command headquarters in Lago Patria, Italy, on Tuesday, June 7, 2016, after assuming its command and the command of U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa. Steven Beardsley/Stars and Stripes STEVEN BEARDSLEY/STARS AND STRIPES

Adm. Michelle Howard took the reins of U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa and NATO Allied Force Joint Command here on Tuesday, becoming the first woman and African-American to assume command of the joint billet.

The four-star Navy command covers maritime operations in Europe and most of Africa. The NATO command, one of two operational headquarters in the alliance, with the Netherlands’ JFC Brunssum, is responsible for planning and executing NATO missions. It has operational command of the NATO mission in Kosovo, known as KFOR.

Read the full story on the Stars and Stripes website.


 

Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE 2017 Instagram contest & Annual Show

 Afro Hair & Beauty

AFRO HAIR & BEAUTY LIVE LAUNCHES

#AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP

INSTAGRAM HAIRSTYLIST COMPETITION

Calling all hairstylists promoting your work on Instagram! Are you #AHBL’S next top hairstylist? Do you have what it takes to be Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE’s Instagram Hair Stylist 2017? Get your photographs ready for the launch of #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP our brand new Instagram hairstylist competition! For a chance to get through to the finals taking place at Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE on Sunday 28th May 2017 and win great prizes for your business. Bring your A-game styling skills, fresh to death photographs, follow our Instagram account @afrohairandbeautylive and don’t forget to include the hashtag #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP

Here’s What You Need To Do

Upload your photographs onto your Instagram profile, follow @afrohairandbeautylive and let us know that you’re entering by using #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP. The photographs with the most likes will be the lucky finalists going forward to the main competition. Judging will take place on  Sunday 28th May at Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE 2017.

  • All entrants must upload pictures to their own Instagram profile, include the hashtag #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP and follow @afrohairandbeautylive
  • Only photographs posted on Instagram using #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP with profiles following @afrohairandbeautylive will be eligible for entry.
  • All entrants must be the sole owner and originator of his/her entry.
  • Entrants must be able to attend the finals at Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE on Sunday 28th May 2017
  • The competition is ONLY open to hairstylists based in the UK and Europe.
  • Keep up to date with competition updates by following our hashtags #AHBLIVE2017 and #AFROHAIRSHOWCOMP
  • By entering this competition you agree to the rules above, as well as thefull terms and conditions listed on Black Beauty & Hair Magazine Website

AFRO HAIR & BEAUTY LIVE 2017

BUSINESS DESIGN CENTRE 52 UPPER STREET LONDON N1

Afro Hair & Beauty

Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE 2017, the biggest and best show dedicated to black hair, beauty and lifestyle in Europe is back! The 36th edition kicks off with a bang on Spring Bank Holiday 28th & 29th May 2017 at Business Design Centre 52 Upper Street Islington London N1 0QH 

BRAND NEW: FOR MEN ONLY

Afro Hair & Beauty

Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE 2017 welcomes the launch of Afro Man the brand new destination for male grooming, hair and lifestyle products. Calling all barbers! Have you got what it takes to go into a barbering & beard styling battle? Sign up and get your clippers ready for up for Lusters SCurl Battle of the Barbers & Battle of The Beard Stylist competitions. Exciting news for hair loss sufferers, be amongst the first in the UK to see My Hair Bar’s exclusive live demonstration of The Man Weave technique, the non surgical hair unit for men. Men’s grooming product junkies, look out for skincare by Bump Patrol and S-Curls beard grooming range by Lusters. 

HAIR, HAIR, HAIR!

NEW for naturals. From the USA, Monique Rodriguez of global and viral sensations Mielle Organics, and organic haircare lines Camille Rose and Carol Brown’s O’Natreal. Look out for Tangle Teezer are back with their popular hairbrush lines Thick & Curly and Blow-Styling. Get ready to slay that lace front, learn how to make wigs at home on your sewing machine and treat yourself to the latest wear and go hairstyles at the Wig Boutique. Don’t forget to pick up your goodies and give-aways to take home from Design Essentials, Hawaiian Silky, Vitale Olive Oil, Crème of Nature, Lottabody, Sofn’free and GroHealthy. 

#NewFaceofPink

Afro Hair & Beauty

Could you be the next #NewFaceofPink? Head over to the Lusters stand and enter the Face of Pink competition brought to you by Lusters Face of Pink in collaboration with Black Beauty & Hair Magazine. Lusters Education Team will also be on hand demonstrating styling techniques, hair analysis and tips on how to keep your hair healthy. 

FEED YOUR SKIN

Feed your skin with Phyto Botanicals the premium hair and skin care range of oils, balms, soaps and body scrubs. DivaWorld will be at the show with tips on how to achieve flawless beautiful skin free from artificial, colourings and perfumes.  Mature skin will love Aviela, visit their stand and experience the nourishing, softening and anti-aging powers of Shea butter. 

GLAM SQUADS

Afro Hair & Beauty

For beauty at your fingertips, the glam squadess’ will be on hand with make-up and brushes for your kit. Brand NEW to #AHBLIVE black|Up Paris for women of colour, be sure to get in line for free makeovers, goody bags and make-up masterclasses. ONES TO WATCH, straight from the pages of Harper’s Bazaar UK Peach & Pearl, showcase their beautiful range of rose-gold vegan make-up brushes. Hit Congolese make up brand Kitoko, will demonstrate how to rock their matt liquid lipsticks. Try before you buy and get the perfect shade for your skin tone. 

STYLE + BOOTIQUE

Afri Hair & Beauty

The Afro Chic Boutique and catwalk will once again showcase clothing and accessories from U.K, European and African designers. Sponsored by Palmer’s, this year’s show will be edgy with creative street style looks styled by Chi-Chi Chinakwe, with hair by award winning My Hair Bar and make up looks by Kitoko. Look out for your favourites Afrocentric850, Aso-Global, Eldimaa and more!

Afro Hair & Beauty

FREE SEMINARS

Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE FREE Seminars is our exciting education hub brought to by trusted experts and professionals. Get in line to be motivate, inspire and empower your hair and beauty routine. Arise and Shine Cosmetics and Restored Naturally bring you the Real Hair Food seminar on nutrition for healthy hair growth. What’s your hair type? Find out at the Get To Know Your Hair Type with Cantu. Multi award winning hair stylist and colourist Victoria Akuagwu of Ziuzo. Tickets to all seminars are free, so get in line early to secure your seat. With so much variety, new brands and great quality products there’s something for everyone at Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE. 

Keep up to date, follow our hashtags #AHBLive2017 #AHBLAfroMan

Instagram @afrohairandbeautylive l Facebook  @AHBLive l Twitter @afrohairshow

TICKET INFORMATION:

Tickets Afro Hair & Beauty LIVE 2017 are on sale via Black Beauty & Hair Magazine. Adults and children over 5 are £14 on the door or £12 in advance.

Y’Akoto – Mermaid Blues

Y’Akoto’s New Album

Y'Akoto

Bio from 2014

Y’AKOTO

Letting go. Backpedalling. Taking a deep breath, The easiest things are often the most difficult ones to do.

But in the supposed banality of these things lies the danger of losing oneself on the surface and forgetting them. It’s that simple.

Even Y’akoto, an artist known for her level-mindedness, is not immune from this danger. Particularly because the past two years were so exciting, eventful and grand that one can forget the little things on top very quickly. After all, Y’akoto was praised by the music press as giving a new voice to the legacy of such singers as Billie Holiday and Nina Simone and without further ado, she launched a new genre called
Soul Seeking Music with her combination of folk, pop and singer-songwriter soul with an African touch.Not to forget the countless shows where Y’akoto performed with such established artists as Erykah Badu, Nneka, Asa and Joy Denalane. And her first headline tour of her own that not only included dates in Germany, but also in Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Vienna.

Even now, “BabyBlues” is still making an international impact. The album was just released in the USA in February. The track “Diamonds” is featured in the new Steve Pink film “About Last Night” and is included on the international soundtrack. And in Italy, “Without You” is climbing in the national single and airplay charts.

However, despite all of these formative events and wonderful experiences, Y’akoto remains driven by insecurity. She is still searching: for the answers to all of the countless questions about life, for the best song and, not least of all, for herself.

“I have accepted insecurity as part of my life. That’s me, I’m insecure, not always, but
sometimes, and I express my insecurity in my art.”

Therefore Y’akoto has made the best of this and made her insecurity the leitmotif of her new album. And this was a good decision. In the end, her growing insecurity is largely due to the situation that she has become more open, reveals more of herself and questions things more often. Her inconstancy doesn’t come from a lack of self-confidence, but from the courage to make herself vulnerable through her music. For
instead of writing her pains away from her soul, Y’akoto writes herself into the pain in her soul and tries to take command of the general disorientation of the world by musical means. “I let all kinds of expressions pass right through my system. I don’t let it pass through a filter, instead I just take it, there for, I feel a lot without judging. I used to protect myself against that. I even intoxicated myself, smoked some weed, but now I’m interested in the entire experience of ‘feeling'”.

Y’akoto has grown, not only musically, but also as a person. While her previous album was mainly defined by anger, sadness, defiance and cynicism, the helplessness that accompanies these feelings is transformed on “Moody Blues” to the urge for change.The fear of emotional injuries has given way to genuine care for
the needs of her fellow human beings. The thoughtless focus on one’s self has made room for a sincere interest in the world’s problems. “Through real confrontation with life and people, I feel like I’ve come a little closer to myself. I could have chosen to be mentally isolated from everyone and everything, or I could have just leaned into life and rely or trust the people around me. I don’t want to be totally independent, I want to trust and love even if that makes me more vulnerable. Being more vulnerable makes me stronger.”

Read her full bio.

Visit Y’Akoto’s website.