By Mario de Valdes y Cocom
Another reason for the black blazon of the imperial eagle is to be found in the rules and regulations governing the use of ‘metals’ and ‘tinctures’ in coat armour.
Following the classical Greek analysis of light and colour, black and white were considered the two primaries since the interplay between light and dark is what was held to produce the spectrum. Furthermore, white, or more accurately, light, was not defined as a colour or ‘tincture’ but as the gold or the silver which, to this day, are still the only options for the term ‘metal’ in the language of heraldry. Black, therefore, was considered the most important of colours, ranking above the red, blue and green standardly referred to as ‘tinctures’.

Thirteenth century texts explaining the imperial insignia go even further. Because of medieval conceptions of the absorption of light by darkness, the writers theorized that within the color black was contained all the light or the white it had displaced.

This is obviously the reason why when the ruby is substituted for red or ‘gules’ and the emerald for green or ‘vert’ according to the traditions of gemnological blazonry, it is nothing other than the diamond that stands for ‘sable’. In all probability, it is also this line of reasoning that contributed to the cult of the Black Madonna. For, having borne the Light of Creation within her very womb, the devotion to the Mother of God as the (coal) black Queen of Heaven is a superb example of how this law of physics was at one time interpreted.

The Sole of Africa

A Message From Mike Kendrick – Founder of The Mineseeker Foundation.

LANDMINES kill, maim, terrify and starve the population. There are over 70 million landmines buried beneath the surface of this planet. Every twenty minutes a land mine kills or maims someone??? usually women and children. They render over 800 thousand square kilometers of land useless and terrify millions of people who live in constant fear.The cost to human life is horrific and the economic effect is devastating. This is not an act of God, or a natural disaster – It is a man made disaster that is bigger, in terms of lives lost, than civil disruption and economic deprivation, including the Tsunami, Hurricane Katrina or the Pakistan earthquake.

Read all about The Mineseeker Foundation at The Sole of Africa.

You Did It

Dear ONE Member,

This Saturday at 1:27 AM, your elected leaders heard your voice and helped make possible a crucial victory against poverty by passing important trade legislation.

The final votes for the bill were: Yea / Nay
House of Representatives 212 / 184
Senate 79 / 9

When ONE Members first took action to protect the ???third-country fabric??? provision of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) in September, it was little more than an obscure clause in a massive trade bill. Thanks in part to the hundreds of thousands of letters ONE Members sent to Congress, we were able to help get this important provision on the radar.

Your response to our final call to action last week was so incredible that rather than simply sending your letters, we called on ONE Members to hand deliver over a quarter of a million letters to Members of Congress.

Please take a moment to thank your elected leaders for helping make a difference against global poverty.

The last moments of the final Congressional session are generally reserved for the most vital legislation, and the fact that Congress took time after midnight on Saturday to pass this bill is, in part, due to your efforts to inform Congress that you care about this issue.

By renewing the “third country fabric” provision, America is helping to preserve as many as 150,000 jobs by allowing African apparel factories to import fabric and then export clothes to the United States. Quite simply, this trade benefit gives people a chance to work their way out of extreme poverty.

But thinking of this bill as 150,000 jobs doesn???t begin to reflect its impact. Each one of these jobs provides hope to a community, a chance for mothers and fathers to support their families, and helps send children to schools so that the next generation has a real chance for a future free from extreme poverty.

Take a moment to thank your elected leaders for helping make a difference against global poverty.

Sometimes extreme global poverty can feel overwhelming, but with this victory we can see measurable progress and are reminded that our actions make a real difference. More still needs to be done but it is important that we let Congress know how much we care about this issue so that you can count on their votes in the future.

Thank you for your voice,

Josh Peck,

P.S. If you want to find out more about this provision check out the ONE Blog, including a play-by-play of our efforts and the passage of the bill.

Ceremonial Groundbreaking Commemorative Items
Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr.
National Memorial Project Foundation, Inc.

Dear Supporter,

Our Ceremonial Groundbreaking on November 13th is a day that I will always remember. This day is a milestone accomplishment in our journey to build this Memorial. If you have not already done so, I invite you to visit our online store filled with unique gifts which commemorates this accomplishment.

These Ceremonial Groundbreaking commemorative items are the perfect additions to your holiday shopping list! And by purchasing any of the items, you will be showing your support by contributing towards the construction of the Memorial, to honor Dr. King’s legacy.

Ceremonial Groundbreaking Commemorative Items

Limited-Edition Individually Numbered Commemorative Ceremonial Groundbreaking Lithograph
A 34″ x 17″ reproduction of the original boards submitted for Winning Design #1403.

“Limited Edition Individually Numbered Lithograph”

“Kids for King” Sweatshirt
White cotton, long-sleeve, crew neck sweatshirt.

Ceremonial Groundbreaking Commemorative Shovel
A unique souvenir commemorating the historic ceremonial groundbreaking.

Ceremonial Groundbreaking Commemorative T-Shirt
Black cotton, short-sleeve, crew neck T-shirt.

“Build the Dream” Wristband Band together to help ???Build the Dream??? and show your support for this historic memorial with a wristband.

Founding Sponsor Lapel Pin
Band together to help ???Build the Dream??? and show your support for this historic memorial with an official Founding Sponsor ???Build the Dream??? lapel pin.

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Key Chain
The Foundation logo appears in black on the back of the brushed steel key chain.

Act now! There are limited quantities available. Please place your order before the 14th of December to allow the courier services enough time to deliver your purchase just before the holidays.

Thank you for your on-going support of Dr. King???s dream and the Memorial to celebrate and honor his legacy.

Sincerely yours,

Harry E. Johnson, Sr.
President & CEO


Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr.
National Memorial Project Foundation, Inc.
401 F Street, NW, Suite 334
Washington, DC 20001

I’m Supporting the Hope for Haiti Charity

Room to Read partners with local communities throughout the developing world to establish schools, libraries, and other educational infrastructure. We seek to intervene early in the lives of children in the belief that education is a lifelong gift that empowers people to ultimately improve socioeconomic conditions for their families, communities, countries, and future generations. Through the opportunities that only an education can provide, we strive to break the cycle of poverty, one child at a time.Visit my lens on Squidoo to view a list of books, DVD’s and memorabilia about South Africa, one of the countries where Room to Read is active. 40% profits from sales I get from Amazon and eBay will go to the Room to Read.